Dog Training: Classical conditioning

Russian psychologist, Ivan Pavlov, discovered Classical, or in the terminology of behavior analysis respondent conditioning, in 1920s. It seems that classical conditioning was discovered by chance. Pavlov was investigating dog?s digestion when he noticed that the most experienced dogs that he had been testing began to salivate before the samples of food were presented to them. He started to investigate this systematically. Throughout Pavlov?s experiment, dogs were exposed to a wide variety of arbitrary stimuli (example bell and light) presented contiguously with food. Pavlov has a special laboratory constructed in which the experimenter and a dog were separated from each other in soundproof rooms. Discovery was that conditioned stimulus (bell) began to trigger the same reactioning (salivate) in dogs that unconditioned stimulus (food) did. The associative bond between the conditioned stimulus (CS) and the unconditioned stimulus (US) is strengthened when the CS consistently occurs just before the representation of the US and is weakened when the CS and US occur independently of each other. So classical conditioning is unintentional and subconscious reaction to a certain stimuli.

It is important to understand how classical conditioning works and hopefully a few everyday examples will do that. Most dogs respond readily to sound of doorbell ringing and after several repetitions, in which the bell signals the arrival of someone at the door, the dog may begin to example bark. The dog has learned to correlate a previously insignificant event (doorbell) with a significant on (visitor) and now when the doorbell rings the dog dances with excitement anticipating the visitor?s entry and greetings. But what starts to happen if dogs owner doesnt open the door when doorbell rings? After several sessions of nonreinforced exposures to the bell, the dog will gradually inhibit its anticipatory reactions and finally ignore the sound altogether. We can say that the conditioned effect has been extinguished.

Classical conditioning has also an important role in the development of anxiety and fears. For instance, dogs easily develope fears associated with the veterinary clinic, especially if they have undergone painful procedures there. It may help to prevent negative associations to the veterinary clinic when we provide dogs or puppies treats and other pleasurable experiences while being examined. But what if dog doesnt eat in that situation? Its probably too stressed (or not hungry) and you have to start giving food to the dog earlier (example in the hospital parking lot). Lifelong phobic reactions can also occur as the result of a single traumatic event and dogs suffer a broad spectrum of phobic fears, most of which are established and reversed through classical conditioning.

But does Pavlov have anything really good information for us to use in dog training? You may have heard about clicker training. When we examine clicker training through classical conditioning, clicker is conditioned stimulus (CS) and food (or some else reinforcement) is unconditioned stimulus (US). Clicker is a mechanical device that makes a short, distinct “click” sound which tells the animal exactly when they’re doing the right thing and its combined with positive reinforcement. You can also use something else than clicker, example light, whistle or some other sound. Other important information of Pavlovian conditioning is counterconditioning. It plays avital role in the learning and unlearning of emotional reactions. So in dog training, resolving fears and other problems (example phobias, separation anxiety and aggressiviness), classical conditioning may be required. Classically conditioned responses are largely autonomous and independent of central control, unlike instrumental behavior. Dogs dont choose to feel fearful or anxious. To be controlled, an aversive emotion like anger or fear, must be countered by the elicitation of an ever stronger and incompatible emotional response.

Stop Your Dog Barking Loudly With These 4 Dog Training Aids

Dogs are very social animals that love to be around people. However, it is important to train them properly to ensure they behave in public. The last thing you want is your dog distressing a little old lady by pouncing on her or attacking other dogs while taking them for a walk. Now, you have two options that can help you improve your dog’s behaviour. You can either hire a dog trainer, which can be expensive, or else purchase dog training aids at a fraction of the cost.

Bark Prevention Collar

A common problem that dog owners have is their dog barking loudly especially, if it is in a built up suburban area. One of the most popular dog training aids to solve this problem is the bark prevention collar. The collar is placed around the dog’s neck and when it starts to bark too loud the collar delivers a harmless electric shock that causes a mild irritation to the dog. The dog will quickly learn that barking loudly will result in it getting this shock and this will stop it from barking too loud.

Training Dumbbell

If your breed of dog is a retriever then you can buy a training dumbbell that will help your dog improve their ability to retrieve objects. This also helps dog owners to develop their fetch and retrieve command skills. As their names suggests, retrievers are naturals at this skill however, this type of training can be used on a number of breeds such as the Alsatian and Labrador.

Clicking Device

One of the most effective ways of training your dog to obey your commands is through positive reinforcement with a clicking device. The clicking device is a tiny box that creates a distinct clicking noise when it is pressed by the owner after their dog has obeyed their command. This clicking sound is a signal to the dog that their master is pleased with them. The idea is that the dog will associate the clicking sound with pleasure and therefore, will become more effective at obeying commands.

Relax Spray

Although most dogs are easy to train you can encounter more difficulties in house training a dog that is of a nervous disposition. However, the dog training market has come up with a solution to this problem as well. The dog anxiety spray is a natural and safe dog spray that can help to relax a nervous or anxious dog. These types of sprays are particularly useful if your dog is nervous are scared about going to the vet or a kennel.

The Best Dog Training Collar in the World

Numerous styles of Dog training collars happen to be designed, thanks to technology and creativity. The situation with the amount of colours to select from being that it becomes quite bewildering about which device will offer the best results for you along with your dog.

Citronella Collars along with other Models

Actually, the collar provides extensive purposes besides training which will be for identification or display. Spray or citronella collars are quickly selecting canine owners a lot more than the electric collars. The citronella device squirts off an odour similar to lemon grass which dogs aren’t fond of. Another variety of dog training collars discharges a gentle static pulse or shrill sound that will make your canine obey specific commands or stop it from leaving the yard.

The problem the following is that more owners are avoiding aversion training

This sort of not really acquainted with this plan, aversion or avoidance combines negative knowledge about a specific action that you don’t would like dog to perform. This process is dependent upon the weather of surprise and trepidation including use of slight stimulants.

Positive Reinforcement could be the New Trend

Yes, aversion training is still being used though the positive reinforcement method has proven to be accepted more by both humans and animals. Experts in training your dog say that positive reinforcement is working a lot better than punishing your new puppy, which can be thought to be inhumane by the large amount of people.

It functions by employing praises, positive actions and rewards rather than punishment or corrections to show your new puppy what exactly is right and what is wrong. The logic behind this training is to find out things that motivate your new puppy. This incentive will probably be utilized in training as a reward once and for all performances. In positive reinforcement you should use toys, physical praise, verbal tribute or perhaps a blend of all these to fix any kind of misbehaviour. It’s a good complement for .

Each dog includes a different personality and every owner also offers different capabilities – hence the right method, positive reinforcement or perhaps the use of an even more intrusive training method might be considered.

In trying to find the proper collar for the pets, what you have to consider are safety, the education process along with your convenience. In case you are still uncertain regarding the collar for the pet, it’ll be safer to consult trainers who’ve extensive experience regarding these matters. With all the correct dog training collars, you won’t find it hard to cope with each of the challenges presented by canine training.